This briefing paper marks the third in a series of papers on Mongolia and its relationship with the European Union (EU). The preceding gap between the end of the Country Strategy Paper (CSP) 2007-2013 and the beginning of the CSP 2014-2020, as well as the signing of the yet to be ratified EU-Mongolia Partnership Cooperation Agreement (PCA) presents an occasion to reflect on the current state of Mongolia, the success of EU-Mongolia relations, the development of the relationship from 1989 until 2013, and the prospects for further areas of cooperation between the two parties. As a result, this series of papers will look closely at the areas where cooperation has already been administered and the prospects for continued collaboration in the relevant areas with regards to the priorities of the EU and Mongolia, as well as new areas which should be considered for cooperation from 2014-2020. This third paper outlines the state of Mongolia’s political administration, focusing particularly on its effectiveness, the presence of corruption and its relations with civil society. The paper will then address the political cooperation already achieved between Mongolia and the EU in resolving these issues, and finally, it will assess the likely areas where cooperation with the EU could be further administered in the next few years.